Tortoises are in the reptiles species. The are part of the Testudinidae family of the order Testudines (turtles). They main distinguishing feature between turtles and tortoises is their land- dwelling nature. They have their pectoral and pelvic girdles inside the ribcage. According to ambient temperatures, tortoises tend to be crepuscular in nature.

Key Facts

  • Their groups are referred to as creeps.
  • They have an exoskeleton and an endoskeleton.
  • The scales found on the carapace are referred to as scutes.
  • They hold their breath underwater for a long time. However, they can not swim.
  • Size determines their sexual maturity.

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